A common root word should possess at least some equality in its meaning when converted from a noun to an adjective; or even to a verb. Over many years of political bastardization, the root word Republic has morphed into multiple words for broader application toward a plethora of Quasi-conservative ideologies. A haphazard utilization of the root word republic for purposes of labeling has caused irreparable harm to its’ substantive representation in democratic governments.
A Republic is a democratic political unit where the supreme power resides with its citizens. Individual liberty and personal sovereignty are maintained in a society where citizens establish the “rule of law”. Democratic rule within a republic necessitates a smaller or controlled size of the political state. Rapid boundless growth in numbers of citizens would led to a true democracy being little more than mob-rule. The majority would rule while those in the minority would be trampled; therefore, individual state-republics must be limited in size. At the original founding, the colonies, or States, in America were organized around common theologies such as Presbyterian, Anglican, Jewish, Baptists, Quaker, etc.
Protection from foreign invaders on the East coast and Indian raids on the West frontier demonstrated a need whereby the common good of each individual state could be provided without repetition by a compact between the states. Articles of Confederation served the American colonies during the revolution against King George; however, the Articles were extremely limited and voluntary. The Founders realized for this young nation to survive, a federal system of government under an adopted Constitution with limited and specifically enumerated powers and restricted taxation would be needed. Individual liberties and State-sovereignty would be maintained by a “Bill of Rights”. Under Articles of the Constitution citizens within the States elect members to represent their desires and wishes in a larger Representative Republic. Fifty States within the United States of America are fifty individual republics within a federal system of government.
Republican is analogous to a political party, formerly the Whig party, which sought to limit any idea of royal power over that of the people. Initially Constitutional originalist, republicans seek to maintain a federal government with limited power, minimal taxation, individual liberty, personal sovereignty, and personal responsibility. The Republican Party has been the antithesis of the Democrat Party which favors expanded government where bureaucracies utilize taxation to provide services deemed essential for citizen’s well-being. Democrat ideology shifts personal responsibility from the individual to the government.
In 2016, the Grand Old Party (GOP) has migrated so far from the republic icon, it no longer represents true conservatism. Royalty within the GOP may have forgotten that the real power lies with “We the People”!